Cryptocoryne blassii (Cryptocoryne blassii)
The design of the aquarium is an extremely difficult task, the future picture of the underwater world depends on the professional solution of which. The base of well-being and harmony is laid precisely at the design stage. To solve this problem, it is necessary to apply design abilities, ideal soil, suitable vegetation, and most importantly, the future inhabitants of your aquarium.
An ideal variant of decorating an aquarium with the help of a plant known as Cryptocoryne Balance is presented to your attention. To begin with, it is worth delving directly into the history of the occurrence and area of growth of the aquarium guest. Under natural conditions, cryptocoryne grows along coasts and water bodies. The plant can be called undemanding to growth conditions. However, to achieve maximum conditions, cryptocoryne should be kept in high aquariums, placing the plant near the back wall or near the sidewall.
The plant has a rhizome located horizontally. The width of the bush can reach fifteen to twenty centimeters. In height, cryptocoryne can grow by 40-60 centimeters. Leaves are long corrugated ribbons. Depending on the specimen, it can have the most diverse color of the sheet plate.
In the natural environment, cryptocoryne prefers soft water, but hard water is suitable in aquarium conditions. The main feature is the fact that the plant does not tolerate a low level of acidity, therefore it should be adequately cared for. Often, the type of plant can be determined only by the shape and color of the leaves.
Maintenance and care
In order for the plant to grow well, it is necessary to choose the right soil and lighting. Soil can be a mixture of various nutrients that will serve as a kind of top dressing for cryptocoryne. For example, a mixture of coal and dried peat. It is worth noting that you should be careful with dried peat, as it increases the acidity of water in a matter of hours, which in turn can lead to the death of the plant.
The soil layer should be more than 5 centimeters, since the rhizome of cryptocoryne is quite massive in size. As top dressing, you can use clay and charcoal. A cold soil mixture inhibits the growth of cryptocoryne, so the aquarium should contain a bottom heater, which will allow the plant to adapt easily, getting enough heat.
Lighting can be both bright and moderate. Cryptocorin tolerates blackout absolutely calmly. Scattered daylight is extremely beneficial for her, as the leaves acquire a more saturated and juicy color. The same effect can be achieved by artificial lighting. The best combination is the use of fluorescent lamps and incandescent lamps, whose average power reaches 40-60W. The power of fluorescent lamps should not exceed 0.4 W per one liter of water. If backlighting with incandescent lamps does not provide a decent level of lighting, it is worthwhile to strengthen the power of fluorescent lamps. The daylight hours should be at least 12 hours.
The optimal temperature regime must be maintained in the range from 22 degrees to 28, otherwise a sharp change in temperature can lead to plant disease. Cryptocoryne prefers warm water. Cold water slows down possible growth by two and a half times. It should be noted that the softer the water, the more difficult it is for the plant to overcome the level of acidity. If an extremely high level of acidity is acceptable, then this will lead to the immediate decay of the plant. This phenomenon is called "cryptocorin disease."
Once a week, it is necessary to add fresh, settled water, instead of the one that evaporated during the life of the plant. At night, it is recommended to accumulate carbon dioxide, which will lead to plant growth, and also reduce the acidity level of water. If the artificial pond is overpopulated, then it is worthwhile to provide additional aeration. To improve the condition of the plant, it is worthwhile to install a certain bottom filter, which will draw water through the soil. This will ensure that the soil is heated with water, which stretches through it, creating a kind of air gap for the rootstock of the plant.
Reproduction of this species in artificial conditions is only possible vegetatively. Basal layers are transplanted at the moment when they have the first five leaves. Do not forget that the plant reacts extremely aggressively to numerous transplants. Therefore, it is worthwhile to determine in advance the place in which it will grow in order to avoid transplants in the future.
During intensive growth, this plant must be fed a large number of times in order to protect it from death and adapt it to the conditions of the aquarium environment.