Related Cryptocoryne or Affinis (Cryptocoryne affinis)
Related Cryptocoryne (Cryptocoryne affinis) - a herbaceous aquarium plant from the Aroid family. This subspecies cryptocoryne is extremely popular and attracts with its unusual striped leaf color. The outside of the leaves is characterized by a beautiful dark green color, sharply turning into a purple hue from the inside. In addition, affinis is famous for its unpretentiousness to growing conditions.
Features of growing Cryptocoryne affinis
In artificial conditions of growing cryptocoryne related, vegetative propagation is characteristic. Young root layers with 3-4 leaves are separated from the mother stem and transplanted into new soil.
For the best growth of this subspecies cryptocoryne, a high degree of siltiness of the soil is important, otherwise the development of the plant will slow down and not reach impressive size. Under favorable growth conditions, the height of the thickets can reach 35 cm. It is recommended to plant the plant along the side aquarium walls.
If the affinis thickets are too thick, this is a signal that the soil is not nutritious. In such a situation, it is necessary to feed the plant every week with nitrogen-based mineral fertilizers with trace elements.
Since cryptocorin is related to marsh plants, it can also be grown in terrestrial conditions - a greenhouse with high humidity or a paludarium. But, despite the fact that under such conditions, Cryptocoryne affinis grows much faster, the terrestrial shape of this amazing plant is not as beautiful as the underwater.
The conditions for the artificial cultivation of cryptocoryne related
The optimal temperature range is 20-28 0C. When the temperature reaches below 20 0C there is a marked slowdown in plant growth. Water for cultivation should have medium or high hardness with a neutral or slightly alkaline pH level (7.0 - 8.0). If the water is too soft, the plant develops well, but a rapid decrease in pH in soft water threatens affinis disease and, as a result, dropping leaves.
To lighting, as well as to other conditions, the related cryptocoryne is not particularly demanding. However, with a lack of light and too long shading, the affinis loses its amazing brightness of color and its amazing maroon-purple color of the lower part of the leaves, the stripes become invisible and the plant acquires a faded, pale green hue. The best lighting solution is natural sunlight, which favorably affects the appearance of affinity. But if the daylight does not reach 12 hours in duration, additional illumination of the aquarium with fluorescent lamps is recommended, while their total power should reach 0.5 W per 1 liter of water volume. The additional placement of incandescent lamps will enhance the bright burgundy-purple color of the underside of the leaves.
Another important component of healthy plant growth is the high siltiness of the soil. Poor soil will not allow cryptocorin related to reach impressive size and the plant will significantly slow down the growth rate. Do not use pebbles of large sizes as a substrate, since near-root shoots will be located close enough to each other, which will adversely affect the development of affinity. The optimal thickness of the aquarium soil should reach 5 or more centimeters. When planting a plant in a new place in fresh soil, it is advisable to lay clay-peat mixture under the roots.
The terrestrial form of Cryptocoryne affinis, which grows in a paludarium or greenhouse, is characterized by faster growth and development than its aquarium counterpart. It is quite simple to create a comfortable ground microclimate - a soil saturated with microelements is required, the temperature regime is from 26 0C and plenty of bright light. But still, the aqueous form of the cryptocoryne related, which has grown under the right conditions, is more beautiful than all its terrestrial counterparts.