Beyond the glassy shore ...
Breeding fish is a wonderful activity and a great hobby. Recently, there are many different types of aquariums: aquariums - lamps, aquariums - gardens in the offices of firms. The aquarium not only moisturizes the room, it promotes relaxation, provides psychological relief during a busy day.
Any apartment will be decorated with an aquarium. The optimal volume of the aquarium is 30-40 liters. In such an aquarium, biological equilibrium is easier to establish than in an aquarium of 15-20 liters. Convenient an aquarium in which the height is equal to the width. In a narrow and tall aquarium, some plants feel good, but the surface of the water is small, so the water is poorly saturated with oxygen, which is necessary for fish and plants.
It is not recommended to install toys or sinks in the aquarium. In the aquarium of 15-20 liters, you can keep a pair of swordsmen and three to five guppies. It is best to install the aquarium not far from the window, on a flat surface, place cardboard or a thick cloth on top of the entire surface. It is desirable that the light from the window fall on one of the side walls. This will create additional lighting, and fish and plants need light for growth and development. Immediately you need to pick up the glass with which the aquarium should be covered. To the upper rim of the aquarium you need to fit pieces of a rubber tube or cork on which to put the glass so that it does not break, and ventilation is carried out, since the fish and plants breathe with the absorption of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide.
The best soil for the aquarium is large river sand. A layer of fine washed pebbles can be placed on a layer of sand. The height of the soil is 3-5 cm. To facilitate the cleaning of the aquarium, the soil is laid under a slight slope to one of the walls.
It is important to know that the stones in the aquarium should be smooth, without sharp edges. Pebbles should not lie near the walls of the aquarium.
To fill the aquarium, water from the water supply is suitable, but it must be defended in order to remove chlorine from it, which is dangerous for fish. Pour water into the aquarium carefully so as not to destroy the sandy bottom. To do this, put a small plate on the ground and pour a little stream of water on the plate. After filling the aquarium more than one third, the water can be poured by a trickle into your hand: you need to lower your hand into the water and turn your palm to the top. Fill the aquarium with water, cover with a coverslip and see if turbidity appears in the water. If the water has become turbid, then you have to start all over again - the sand is poorly washed. If the turbidity is not very noticeable or it is not at all, it is necessary to leave the aquarium to stand for a day or two. Perhaps some organic matter remained in the sand. If there are a lot of them, then the next day it will be noticeable that the water in the aquarium has become cloudy, which means that the process of decomposition of organic residues has begun, and after a few days the turbidity will disappear and the water will become clean and transparent.
Water from wells and springs is not suitable for the aquarium due to its salt content. In order for the water in the aquarium not to age quickly, it is necessary to replace 15 part of the old water with new, plumbed, settled water.
The aquarium must be kept clean. Therefore, they acquire aquarium care items. You need a net with which fish are caught, and in which they are transferred from one room to another. A flexible hose is needed to replace the water in the aquarium, it is put on a glass tube, which is convenient to collect dirt from the bottom of the aquarium. You also need a scraper cleaner. To clean the aquarium glass from algae, a wiper is required. It is advisable to purchase fish feeders. They are useful for dry food. The main task of the feeder is to keep the feed in one place. Well, that's it. Now you can plant plants and start fish.