Pulcher is a fish quite popular among aquarium fish lovers; it can be found in nature in the waters of the Amazon River, and is currently bred artificially in European countries on specially equipped farms.
The body of the pulchera is high, in the form of a rhombus, slightly flattened on both sides, the length can reach 6 cm. The belly is silver-green, it can cast a purple-copper color under certain lighting conditions. Tail with a black stripe shaped like a wedge. The band tapers uniformly at the caudal fin. The back is pale green. Fins of pale orange color, sometimes purple and red. The pulchera's eyes are juicy red at the top. Females are not as smart as males, they look a little thicker.
They can be distinguished by the swimming bladder: in males it is fully visible, in females - only an insignificant part.
Pulchera are unpretentious in food, small flies and mosquitoes are suitable, from live food - daphnia, corpetra. You can give them substitutes and plant food. To get healthy offspring, nutrition must be varied.
Maintenance and care
Pulchera is one of the collective species of aquarium inhabitants. It is good to have several of these fish at once. In addition, they are comfortable in the upper and middle layers, among other fish of approximately the same size. In the aquarium for them there should be places shaded by plants, and vice versa, places free of vegetation, well-lit - for swimming. It is better to choose a spacious aquarium for pulshers, otherwise the males will attack the females carrying unripe caviar. Comfortable water temperature for pulshers is 22–25 ° C, acidity is 6–7.2, and hardness is up to 15 °. Water should be purified using filters, once a week a quarter of the total volume of water in the aquarium is replaced with fresh.
After about 7 months, pullers are ready to breed. For these purposes, you need a special aquarium - spawning, with a volume of about 6 liters. At the bottom should be placed a separator grid, a plant with small leaves. Water should be no more than 20 cm, temperature 26–28 ° C, hardness 1.2–2 °, pH 6.0–6.8. A few days before spawning, females and males should be settled separately, to provide an improved diet. Then place the fish in the spawning, it is better to do this at the end of the day. To form pairs of females, there should be as many as males. In the morning, you should slowly increase the temperature of the water, thereby stimulating the onset of spawning. After 3 days, spawning will begin and will last no more than 3 hours. Each female can produce a little more than 400 yellow eggs, some of them will lie on the bottom, others on the leaves of plants. Then pulchera - manufacturers should be removed and darkened. The fry will appear in a day, and will begin to swim independently on the fifth day. 8 hours after the end of spawning, remove whitish eggs with a pipette. As soon as the fry begin to eat actively, in spawning, it is necessary to provide good light, remove plants, bring the water level to 10 cm. Horn coils or red snails will help get rid of the waste products generated. About seven days, the fry should be given ciliates in the morning, afternoon and evening, then they can be transferred to “live dust”. For the growth of fry it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 25 ° C. The first two weeks they grow extremely slowly, then the growth accelerates and after 1.5 months the fry are very similar to adult fish. Small pullovers gather in small flocks closer to the surface. Now they can be resettled in a growing aquarium and give live food, picking it in size. It is not necessary to delay with the next spawning, because cysts can form in females. The optimal spawning interval is two weeks. Good producers do not need to be left in a common aquarium, otherwise a couple that accidentally arises can be fruitless.