Mottled Mollinesia - Dalmatian
Speckled mollinesia belongs to the order of the Cyprinidae of the Petsiliev family. It lives in the natural environment in Central America and is found in both fresh and brackish water bodies.
Non-professionals can often confuse mollies with a swordsman, but in the former the dorsal fins are enlarged and the caudal fins are slightly wider. Females are especially often confused, since their distinguishing features are less pronounced. Males belonging to this species always reach slightly smaller sizes than females; their length ranges from five to twelve centimeters. Sex can be determined by the severity of the anal fin, males have a sharper fin, and females are rounded. The color is characterized by the presence of velvety black dots, on a white-silver background.
Molliesia, of course, can be fed with dry food, but still it is better to give preference to live food, it includes daphnia and bloodworms. When using dry food, it is necessary to add vitamin D to it. Be sure to add plant foods in the form of dandelion and algae to the diet.
Maintenance and care
It is a mistake to believe that all viviparous species of fish do not require special care and are not picky in their maintenance. This definitely does not apply to mollies, with improper care, feeding or without creating special conditions, these beautiful fish quickly die. The aquarium should be chosen not the deepest, about forty centimeters in height, it should contain at least fifty liters of water, based on the calculation, five liters for each fish. Since the natural habitat of molliesia is brackish ponds, the water in the aquarium also needs to be slightly salted using table salt, and ideally sea salt, it’s easy to calculate the right amount - for eight buckets of water you need one tablespoon. As for the temperature, it should be in the range of 25-29 C, sharp fluctuations in temperature are not recommended, otherwise the fish may die. The water in the aquarium should always be clean and filled with oxygen, for this it needs to be filtered and a third of the water replaced every new week. In addition, fish need daily aeration and filtration of water, the installation of a special filtering device will help. The health of the fish depends on the cleanliness of the aquarium; pathogenic bacteria multiply easily in the mud. The acidity of the water should be 7.58.5 pH. You can also run plants in the aquarium, but do not overload them with them, the fish need free space for swimming. Mollinesia should live in sufficient space and light, so it is recommended to install additional lighting. In winter, it is necessary to heat the water if the temperature starts to drop. It's important to know! If the fish become sluggish and tighten the fins, then the water temperature has dropped and the fish die. In this case, it is necessary to slowly bring the water to the desired temperature without allowing overheating, it causes stress in molliesia and, again, death. Only with the observance of all the above conditions, you can ensure a long and comfortable life for your pets.
Molliesia is a viviparous, puberty and female fish, and males reach the age of one year. After fertilization, already formed fry are born after 35-40 days, they can eat along with adults and nauplis serve as the best food. Immediately before birth, the female is transplanted into a separate aquarium, but with utmost care so that the birth does not begin earlier than the due date. The aquarium can be a small but densely populated by plants, a place where mollies could be secluded for the birth of fry, as a rule, there are up to 50 of them. An interesting feature, black mollies can give birth to fish of a different color.